Here in the US, spring has finally arrived. If you’ve had a cat urine odor problem since last fall or winter, and thought you’d cleaned up every puddle thoroughly, you may discover something else now, the heat and humidity have returned.
This article briefly describes the different components of cat urine, and why it smells so much worse in warmer weather. This article also discusses the most effective cleaning solution to get rid of the smell and stain permanently.
Cat urine stains are difficult to get rid of because they have five different strains of bacteria. Two of these are associated with the cat’s distinctive scent. The others are in cat spray, urine and uric acid.
The gooey, gooey part of your cat’s urine is urea. The pigment is urochrome, and then there are the uric acid crystals, which look like salt.
The first two components clean up pretty easily. It is the uric acid with its crystals and salt that remains, causing the continuous smell of cat urine. These crystals are insoluble and bond tightly to anything they land on. This is why you cannot eliminate the smell of cat urine with common household cleaners.
The crystals are reactivated with moisture. And this is why the cat urine smell is stronger in warm weather – the moisture in the air reacts with the crystals, and you smell the cat urine stain again – even if you have cleaned and sanitized that exact spot.
To completely eliminate the odor and stain, the crystals must be removed from the surface they adhere to. The only effective cleaning solution is a pet enzyme cleaner specifically formulated to attack cat urine components.
These cleaners are special enzyme formulas that consume the bacterial components – ultimately removing the odor and stain. Common household cleaners do not contain enzymes, because most spills do not have uric acid in them.
There are several reputable pet enzyme cleaners available at your local pet store. Read the instructions carefully and follow them completely for best results. If the stain is very old, it will take several applications to completely remove the stain and odor.