Sometimes you may need to do more than just give solid or liquid medication to your sick dog. Depending on his condition and symptoms, you may also need to provide other types of nursing care, such as giving enemas. Below is an effective way to use this procedure:
The use of enemas can be beneficial for dogs that have the following conditions; constipation, during fasting, dehydration, excessive vomiting, intestinal irritation caused by bone fragments or the presence of spoiled food or garbage in the digestive tract.
Before administering this procedure, make sure you only use clean water that is warm but not hot (test it on your wrist to be sure). Use approx. two tablespoons for a small dog and up to a pint for a large dog. Add a few drops of freshly squeezed lemon juice to the water and administer the mixture with a plastic or rubber syringe for approx. 2 to 3 minutes. For large dogs, you can use an enema bag and a mouthpiece.
How to do it: You need to lubricate the end of the syringe with vegetable oil. Have someone help you gently hold the dog while it is standing in the bath or on the ground. Carefully insert the mouthpiece into the rectum. Using gentle and consistent pressure against the anus (to prevent fluid from leaking out), slowly fill the colon. If the solution does not flow in easily, pull back the nozzle or syringe and adjust the angle slightly. Expect bowel movements to start within a few minutes. You can administer enemas once or twice a day for a couple of days.
In many cases, dogs that are dehydrated simply hold on to fluids. This happens when the colon absorbs the fluid that the body needs. Therefore, enemas are an excellent way to administer fluid therapy. In these circumstances, administer enemas approximately every four hours or until fluid is no longer retained.
If a dog has trouble keeping water in its stomach due to severe vomiting, an enema can help introduce the fluids and salts needed to replace those lost through vomiting. Using the solution as described earlier, add a pinch of sea salt plus a pinch of potassium chloride. The same solution can also be used to help a dog suffering from prolonged diarrhea. In this case, administer enemas every four hours or until fluid is no longer retained.